A long-term investigation into architectural typologies that have come to be seen as outdated, stagnant, or obsolete.

Typecast is an examination of building types that, like certain actors, have become calcified in the public imagination, relegated to a circumscribed vision of their form and role. Through articles, photography, mapping, and other media, the project seeks a more nuanced understanding of our existing cityscapes and how certain typologies can better serve evolving patterns of need and use. Underlying the project is a desire to understand how cultural messages promote or poison the reception of built form.

The first series (2013–14) focused on the much-maligned towers-in-the-park. The second series, on row houses (2016–17), looked at the social and spatial realities of the city’s dominant but overlooked housing form.

Typecast is supported, in part, by the Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts.



A long look into five high-rise housing complexes and how buildings often pigeonholed as urban leftovers from bygone eras are actually assets hidden in plain sight.


A long-term Architectural League study into architectural typologies that begins with a close look at five towers-in-the-park.

Row House

A hard look at the row house—New York’s indisputably prominent, disputably outmoded residential form—and how it might nurture contemporary ways of living.

The Tudor Plain

Thomas J. Campanella traces the development of Brooklyn's vast landscape of storybook neo-Tudor row houses.

Live/Work Balance

Photographer Amani Willett heads to Brooklyn in search of row house businesses, where home and work nestle close.

At Face Value

Rob Stephenson combs the city for the quirks, flourishes, and changing facades that make each row house unique.

Front of House

Vincent Meyer Madaus and Sebastian Bernardy look at the semi-public space between the sidewalk and the front door.