The Mahoning River has long defined the region. It helped power industrial growth, and its subsequent despoliation made vivid industry’s costs. As the region looks beyond its past of economic decline following the withdrawal of steel production, the Mahoning has returned as part of a more optimistic future.
In the essay and photographs below, landscape architect Charles Frederick poetically meditates on the forces that have shaped the Mahoning River and, in turn, the region. —Quilian Riano, In the Mahoning Valley chief editor
Learn more about the Mahoning River and recent efforts to remove its dams.